New white paper – Open Source in the Enterprise

During the last five years Open Source has made an inroad into the modern Enterprise IT and many companies can’t imagine living without it anymore. The Open Source eco system has continuously developed making it easier and easier to identify research and introduce Open Source technologies. Optaros has just published a White Paper “Open Source in the Enterprise” that summarizes the history of Open Source and the reasons why Enterprises have adopted many of the technologies. It also gives Enterprises a quick overview on what makes Open Source so powerful and what it means to leverage the benefits of Open Source.

Recession fears will boost open source business solution adoption

The news is full of reports on the financial crisis, recession fears and economic downturn symptoms. CEOs and CIOs are preparing for a serious negative impact on their business. Initially the problems were with financial institutions only, but more and more the issues are hitting larger audiences. Will IT buying centers and business managers cut investments in IT in general or how will they deal with the crisis?Let’s start with some facts and hypotheses:a) Internet usage has increases continuously over the last years and the probability that consumers will cancel their broadband subscription and/or reduce their time spent online is very low. The contrary will happen, more bandwidth and more time in front of the browser, to more carefully select the right products to buy, to find jobs, to network with colleagues and friends, etc.b) Companies recognize the importance of the online channel as an information, communication and transaction mean. To cut cost here and to not invest anymore seems to be a very dangerous strategy. Even more enterprises will want to shift activities from the offline into the online world to save costs. This will ask for more, not for fewer investments. And this is not really optional, it will be mandatory in many industries, as if you don’t do it somebody else will run faster.c) IT budgets in general are expected to grow next year, according to recent research from Gartner. This makes sense, as IT isn’t any more a supplement to business, it’s often the business itself! But even if IT budgets grow more time more brain power will be spent on how and where to spend the money. And for some markets the budgets are expected to shrink even.Now, where does Open Source come into the game here?Firstly, Open Source technologies are defining the pace in the internet arena. Not just Google, Yahoo or YouTube are betting on Open Source, also more traditional enterprises in the telecommunication, pharma or media sector are voting for Open Source for internet solutions. Content management is almost dominated by Open Source technologies such as Alfresco, Drupal or Typo3. enterprise portals are often built with JBoss or Liferay these days, programming languages/frameworks such as PHP/Symfony, Ruby on Rails or Python/Jango are the base of many of the websites people use everyday.But there’s more. Open Source components are offering an enormous potential. Business solutions can be assembled in short timeframes at low costs, the investment focus can be put on the functionalities that really differentiate the company in the market or make a solution really efficient to use. With implementation approaches such as the Optaros Assembly Methodology (OptAM) agility and “perpetual beta” can be brought to the enterprise and existing systems and platforms can be integrated just like other components, preserving previous investments and delivery business benefits quickly.Don’t make the mistake to associate Open Source only with “free” and “low cost”. Yes, substantial cost savings are possible, but even more, new initiatives can be started without large upfront investments and pilots can be implemented rapidly to test markets or customer reactions.If you haven’t thought about Open Source based business solutions yet, it may be a good time to reconsider. Specifically in these days, agility, cost efficiency and time-to-market pay off – for the company, but also your own career.

Alfresco Labs 3.0 Preview published

Alfresco has just announced the availability of the Alfresco Labs 3.0 Preview.The first thing you’ll notice is that Alfresco has changed the name of their freely-available Community edition to “Labs”. Alfresco has always insisted that this edition is a developer build that really isn’t suitable for production use. The name change is an attempt to further drive that point home.Alfresco Surf is essentially Alfresco’s name for the web script framework plus some pre-built components with a framework for defining and assembling pages. The web script framework (and therefore, Surf-based sites) can now be run separately from the Alfresco repository process. This has actually been possible since 2.9 Community but now Alfresco is starting to do something with it (See “Share the Love”). In fact, some of the Optaros consultants have been working hard for Alfresco (as a client) to develop some of the content-centric components that are part of Surf and one of the new clients, Share. So Surf is essentially a web application development framework built on REST, JavaScript, FreeMarker, and YUI that you could use to build your own web apps without ever touching an Alfresco repository if you really wanted to. Assuming you do want to pull content from the repository, Surf let’s you make remote calls from within Web Script controllers back to the Alfresco repository, or via AJAX using YUI components from the browser.Alfresco is using Surf to build its new web client offerings. One such offering is called Share. If you’ve been following Alfresco’s progress you’ll probably recognize it by its code name, Slingshot. Share is a collaborative workspace that allows you to spawn “sites” that include things like a Document Library, Blog, Discussion Forum, Wiki, Team Calendar, and Activity Feeds. Activity Feeds are sort of like a Facebook News Feed, but instead of tracking who poked whom you are being alerted when someone updates a document, makes a new blog post, etc.. The Share client will be the core for Alfresco’s frontal assault on Microsoft Sharepoint.Speaking of, Share implements the SharePoint protocol. What does that really mean? It means that if one of the things you liked about Microsoft SharePoint was how you could work with a SharePoint Shared Workspace from within Microsoft Office applications, you no longer have to settle for an all-Microsoft stack on the back-end. You can use an Alfresco server instead. That means users can have the functionality they like when collaborating on Office apps, while the IT department gets to keep their options open from operating system to database to application server and doesn’t have to worry about scalability concerns inherent in SharePoint. Unlike prior Alfresco add-ons for Microsoft Office integration, this approach requires no additional installations on the client because Office already has the hooks for talking to SharePoint, and Alfresco Share implements the SharePoint protocol.

DoCASU 1.0 – a new Open Source RIA User Interface for Alfresco ECM

Optaros just published an Open Source RIA Frontend for Alfresco ECM, DoCASU 1.0 under GPL. This once again highlights some of the great advantages of Open Source software.Open Source software has many advantages compared to proprietary alternatives. The fact that the source code is open might often not even be the most relevant driver. Often a much more relevant benefit of modern open source technologies is their componentized nature and the ability to access functions and services through open APIs (application programming interfaces). This allows to focus development efforts on what is most important for the usage of the application – the user interface – for example. With DoCASU 1.0, Optaros has developed and published a user interface framework for Alfresco deployments as an open source project. – The project will help users assimilate Alfresco’s enterprise content management systems.As a platinum partner of Alfresco, Optaros has successfully deployed numerous content management systems for clients, realizing a common need to create a customized user experience. – DoCASU 1.0 leverages the understanding gained from corporate user requirements and utilizes Rich Internet Application technologies such as the ExtJS AJAX framework. DocASU 1.0 is not intended to replace the already existing Alfresco web user interface, but rather offer an alternative for users who require a limited set of features and profit from simplicity and ease of use. Already today thousands of users at NXP, a top 10 semiconductor company founded by Philips, are enjoying the user friendly frontend solution.DoCASU is a showcase of what can be done on top of Alfresco’s Web Script approach with state of the art RIA technologies. Developers can take DoCASU as a start for even more comprehensive user interfaces, purpose built frontends or just as the base for learning on how to build on top of the Web Scripts. Optaros has deployed DoCASU 1.0 internally and continues to use it in client projects.DoCASU 1.0 is available as open source under GPL v3 and can be downloaded here. The solution currently offers the typical features that document management users regularly need. – Additional key features expected soon include a “drop zone” for dragging and dropping files onto the desktop, tabbed navigation, configurable skins, usability improvements and more. – To learn more about DoCASU 1.0, please visit code.optaros.com.

Open Source Enterprise 2.0 Interviews

During the Enterprise 2.0 conference in Boston, I interviewed Bob Bickel (Ringside Networks), John Newton (Alfresco), and Jeff Whatcott (Acquia) about the relationships between open source, innovation, and enterprise 2.0. First, Bob Bickel, currently CEO at Ringside Networks:Second, John Newton, currently CTO and Chairman at Alfresco:Finally, Jeff Whatcott of Acquia (commercial enterprise supporting the Drupal project):As all three interviews amply demonstrate, open source is driving innovation in the Enterprise 2.0 space as in the Web 2.0 space.

Open Source Panel at Enterprise 2.0

Stephen Powers of Forrester Research recently released a report identifying Alfresco and Drupal as the two open source content management platforms to which enterprises should pay the most attention. Specifically, the report claims that "enterprises interested in open source should keep an eye on two offerings – Alfresco Software and Drupal." (Also check out Matt Asay’s coverage of the report for CNet).
I couldn’t agree more – though I wish the report had come out a few weeks ago. It would have made for a good introduction to the panel on Open Source Platforms which I moderated at the Enterprise 2.0 conference in Boston. The panelists were:

  • Bob Bickel, of Ringside Networks, which is creating enterprise open source middleware for the social web, allowing companies to embed social networking in their own sites and do cross-network identity mapping
  • John Newton, co-founder and CTO of Alfresco, an enterprise class open source content management framework
  • Jeff Whatcott, Chief Communicator of Acquia, a company formed to provide commercial support, certification, and related services to enterprises around Drupal, the open source community publishing system

The audio from the panel is now available. You can listen using the player below or download the file directly (it’s a 43MB mp3)

Unfortunately, although many of the business case studies were leveraging open source software, and although many of innovations undergirding E2.0 came from open source communities, the conference as a whole had only a single panel specifically talking about the approach, as opposed to many presentations from proprietary software vendors.
Hopefully next year’s Enterprise 2.0 will offer more opportunities to talk about how open source platforms can be incredibly effective in an enterprise context: enabling agility and experimentation, support collaboration, and avoiding the "success tax" of per-seat licensing.

Open Source growing by 25% annually until 2012

According to some recent research from IDC direct revenues generated by Open Source companies are going to increase by almost 25% annually, from 1.7 million in 2007 to 4.8 million in 2012. This includes only revenues generated by Open Source software that is directly distributed by the companies behind the projects. Geht es nach dem Marktforschungsinstitut IDC, wird der erzielte Umsatz mit Open-Source-Software (OSS) bis ins Jahr 2012 jährlich um fast 25 Prozent auf 4,8 Milliarden US-Dollar anwachsen. Im vergangenen Jahr wurden mit OSS rund 1,7 Milliarden US-Dollar umgesetzt. In reality though this is only a small share of the revenues enabled through Open Source software.

CIO.COM survey says that Open Source is Entering the Enterprise Mainstream

I just stumbled over an article in CIO.COM written by Esther Schindler. Based on the statistics published, 53% of the participants are using Open Source applications in their organization today, an additional 10 percent are planning to do so in the next year. Nearly half (44%) stated that Open Source solution are considered equally with proprietary solutions during the acquisition process. Of course operating systems and web server are always popular but more interesting is that 45% are using desktop applications such as OpenOffice.org and 29% use Open Source Enterprise applications. In general Open Source technologies are gaining confidence. Reasons for picking Open Source are primarly of financial nature (56%), but flexibility is catching up with 32%, access to the source code is ramping up to 30%. Looking at the barriers product support concerns are raised by 45%, awareness/knowledge of available solutions comes up second with 29%. And this is where our Enterprise Open Source Directory comes into play. Good! Other barriers mentioned with lower priority are security concerns, lack of management support and licensing/legal questions, that clearly seen less of an issue compared with some years ago.So, we didn’t really need another survey to be convinced, but it’s a good sign that enterprises using Open Source are on the right track.

Magento 1.0 is a promising open source eCommerce contender

Magento, the new open source ecommerce platform, – is a promising new entrant that should be evaluated against OFBiz and osCommerce. The Magento project is lead by Verian Technologies, a consulting firm that worked with osCommerce and then decided they could do better by taking their experience and creating a new ecommerce platform.

As Adam Michelson writes in his blog post on the Optaros website, Magento is entering a crowded space of offerings that promise a better ecommerce Web storefront. Magento is betting that even though the ecommerce storefront is a relatively mature space, that it is still an underserved market. They may be correct as there does seem to be a good amount of interest for their production release. The biggest differentiator for Magento from most of its storefront competition is that it is an open source solution offered under the Open Software License (OSL 3.0). There are only a few other well known open source web storefronts, OFBiz and osCommerce being the most well known. OFBiz is more of a framework, and offers capabilities beyond the ecommerce storefront. osCommerce is more focused on ecommerce functionality. Magento’s heritage is osCommerce, so it has an ecommerce storefront and merchandizing focus as well.

Magento is in large part a fresh-start to osCommerce. Magento is composed of a team that knows ecommerce very well, and they have created a solid set of ecommerce capability. Magento’s goal is to be less complex than osCommerce, as osCommerce has grown into a somewhat complex collection of offerings. Of course Magento is much more immature at this point, with far fewer adjunct projects than osCommerce. Magento also offers professional support for customers and a partnership program for integrators. Magento will feel more like a company that has an open source offering as opposed to osCommerce which is more of a pure-play open source community. Magento is also likely to keep the code base under their control, while contributors to the osCommerce platform are from a several corporations including PayPal and Amazon.

Magento offers similar technology as osCommerce as they are both written in PHP. But architecturally Magento is more of a collection of services than osCommerce. In this way, even though Magento is written in PHP and OFBiz is Java, Magento is architecturally more like OFBiz than osCommerce. Magento and OFBiz share a similar architectural approach of being constructed from a collection of underlying services. This allows to leverage the individual services and assemble them to the specific solution you need. In comparison, osCommerce is more of a package-type implementation, and OFBiz allows a bit more assemble. Magento can be deployed as a package for sure, but the core architecture also allows for assembly as well as they have an underlying services model.

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